For July/August, the theme is protection of water bodies, in which the importance of Ganesh festival is explained. The festival, also called Vinayaka Chavithi, is yet another festival which we celebrate with great pomp and valour. Actually, Ganesh festival is supposed to protect the water bodies. To make idols with clay implies that there will be space for more water in the ponds once clay is taken out. Worshipping with leaves of 22 varieties of plants is done to make as many types of plants grow as through cropping by way of plucking of leaves, new branching could take palce. Finally, offering rice pudding is to provide feed to the tortoises and fishes as they help us by combating the mosquitoes, as they do live on mosquito larvae. Need for Eco-friendly Ganesh festival comes from the distortions in tradition of making idols with Plaster of Paris, cutting branches instead of plucking leaves, worshipping with and mixing oily products along with rice pudding during immersion. The total change in making this Eco-friendly festival into a disaster for the water bodies is the focus of the NGC campaign.
In Telangana region, people release Bathakammas which are decorated with flowers into water. If hundreds of Bathakammas are released into the water in ten days the water in the rivers will become filthy. However, it would be a wise idea if we remove the Bathakammas as soon as they are dumped into the water because if we leave them floating the water gets polluted. That way, we would be retaining our faith as well as being environmentally sensitive.
Rain water flows into the streams and from the streams it reaches the lakes and rivers. The water which reaches the rivers finally flows into the sea carrying with it all the surface elements of the earth. Hence the water in the seas is salty due to the presence of minerals and elements while in rivers it is pure and clean. However, bacteria reach the rivers from the houses that are built on the banks of the rivers. We discharge sewage water and wastes into the rivers which leads to contamination of water with bacteria. If some chemical factories are established on the banks of rivers, the situation gets worse as discharge of effluents by the industries into rivers will pollute the river water with chemicals. If water contains salts then the pH is between 7 and 14. The water can turn red litmus paper into blue litmus. If the water is contaminated with acids then the pH will be between 0 and 7. Then it turns blue litmus papers into red. Likewise, if muddy water is stored in a glass bottle for two days with out disturbing it, we can find out the percentage of mud in water. Similarly, it is possible to find out whether the water is contaminated with bacteria or not with the help of testing kits developed by Development Alternatives, Delhi and CPR Environmental Education Centre, Chennai.